The Science Behind COVID 19

The novel coronavirus outbreak of 2019 and 2020 is a respiratory virus that is proven to spread primarily through droplets generated from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person. COVID 19 is just one strain of coronaviruses which are a large family that affect both people and animals.

There is no evidence at this moment that the current pandemic can spread through animals. Overall, animal coronaviruses rarely spread from animal to person but there is still research occurring.

Anyone can be affected by this virus but older people or people with conditions that weaken their immune or respiratory system, such as asthma, diabetes or heart disease appear to be more vulnerable and tend to be affected in more severe manners.

Symptoms of the virus include cough, fever, tiredness and, in severe cases, difficulty breathing. The incubation period is about five days so one might not know if they have it before it’s too late. But don’t worry, 80 percent of people recover without special treatment although it is still nothing to ignore. Even the mild cases of the virus that don’t require hospitalization are dangerous and still require care from others.

WHO, the World Health Organization, advises people of all ages to take measures to protect themselves and those around them from the virus. Measures to be taken include washing your hands frequently, social distancing and making smart decisions such as only going out when necessary.

On April 4, the White House coronavirus response coordinator, Doctor Deborah Birx announced that the following two weeks will be the most crucial in slowing the spread of the virus. What this means for us is that staying home could mean the difference between whether we can come out of quarantine for summer vacation or not.

Remember to do your part, everyone has an affect on what happens next so stay safe and stay home!

Savannah DePaz is a junior and a staff writer for the JagWire. She loves photography, playing soccer, dancing, and robotics. She also loves her cats her bunny, her chickens, and her cactus, George.

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