A look at Parental Celebration at CHS

Mother’s Day and Father’s Day: a worldwide honoring of parenthood. Whether you’re the one celebrating this holiday or the one being celebrated, these two holidays are an ongoing tradition that have been eminent through history. This year, Mother’s Day was Sunday, May 13th, and Father’s Day is Sunday, June 17th. Both of these holidays date back to the Greek and Roman empires, with festivals being held to honor mothers in their culture and to honor the mothering goddesses.

But, Anna Jarvis created today’s Mother’s Day, using this holiday to remember her mother who had just passed away. Jarvis worked to popularize this holiday and even worked with local floral companies to promote it.

This sprouted the origin of the next holiday, Father’s Day. It began when Sonora Smart-Dodd thought up the idea to honor her father while at a Mother’s Day sermon. Her mother had died at a young age and her father was there along the way to raise the children. He was a Civil War veteran and a widower, and she believed that he deserved just as much honor as mothers did, thus creating the holiday Father’s Day. Not long after, this holiday too become commercialized, following in the steps of Mother’s Day.

Here at CHS, many students celebrate these two holidays, but many teachers also do so as parents. Some of Carrboro’s teachers have kids, making them the subject of celebration on these holidays.

One of these teachers is Carrboro’s engi- neering teacher, Dr. Jeffrey Arthurs. Dr. Arthurs has a son, aged 20, who attends the University of Florida. While it may be tough to try and get together, they make an effort every year.

“We try to do something special,” says Arthurs. “That includes going somewhere, doing something together.  He’s finishing his third year at Florida, and it’s been a bit hard to do things with timing, but we try every year.”

While it may be onerous to meet every year for Father’s Day, it is the meaning of  the holiday that makes it truly special.

“I think that it’s one day that allows me to really be proud of being Joshua’s father. I’m reminded of the awesome responsibility and I celebrate the joys of seeing him grow up and become an outstanding adult,” says Arthurs.

Even though the holidays of Mother’s Day and Father’s Day are increasingly commercialized, it doesn’t detract from the meaning of each one. While the celebration may be different for each family, it all has the same backstory and purpose. It is meant to honor parents and celebrate how they’ve changed and influenced their children.

Illustration by Nina Scott-Farquharson

A Tale of Two Citation Tools

Recently, Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools shifted from using EasyBib as its primary citation maker tool to NoodleTools. The reason: EasyBib started flooding its site with ads.

So what is NoodleTools? Essentially, NoodleTools is a tool similar to EasyBib in that it helps the user properly format and order citations. Carrboro High School’s library website explains that the district no longer sub- scribes to EasyBib and has switched to NoodleTools. However, one can still find EasyBib on the Google Apps page.

There has been some retaliation by Carrboro High School students, especially since some teachers now require that students use NoodleTools for project citations.

Some students prefer EasyBib for its feature set and simplicity.

“I think it’s really convenient to use,” commented Cora Van Raay, a sophomore at CHS, when asked her opinion of EasyBib. “I don’t really like NoodleTools, because you have to put in  all the information yourself, and it takes a lot of time.”

NoodleTools markets itself as a paid resource for educators by educators. Primarily, its selling points as a citation tool are the number of options available to adjust and the ability for teachers to communicate with their students along the way. NoodleTools aims to turn students from basic users into experts throughout the course of multiple projects.

EasyBib, on the other hand, tries to be the quick-and-easy citation generator. The citation builder textbox is the first thing a student sees on the site. Gathering sources flows fluidly by having users fill out information one piece at a time. EasyBib also automatically searches websites for information such as authors, publishers, publishing dates and credibility, which eliminates a good chunk of the work. The site offers both a free and paid service, the latter of which removes ads and unlocks some other features.

But how much of an issue are the ads?

“Personally I don’t really notice the ads,” said Van Raay. “I don’t really care because they’re not really getting in the way of anything.”

However, others do see these advertisements as an issue. Because loading advertisements takes a while to process on slower internet connections, navigating through EasyBib can waste minutes of one’s time.

“EasyBib’s got all those ads, so it slows it down a lot,” explained Maxwell Luce, CHS freshmen. He finds that both resources are fairly comparable. “I’ll probably switch to NoodleTools soon; it’s just a matter of getting familiarized with the website.”

Illustration by Ryx Zan

When News Stories are Forgotten

Puerto Rico, the opioid crisis, Flint: all big headlines from months ago that spread across social media.

Google Trends uses numbers to represent search interest over time, with 100 representing peak popularity. In September of 2017, the term “Puerto Rico” was at 100, and, by only a month later, the term had dropped to 32.

More than four months have passed since Hurricane Maria plowed through Puerto Rico, leaving the island devastated and desperate for help. When the incident first happened, social media sites were filled with thoughts and prayers and fundraisers to help citizens in need after the devastation.

Four months later, about one-fourth of the population in Puerto Rico is still without electrical power according to The New York Times. The island’s leaders have announced they will not be able to pay any of their more than $70 million debt for the next five years due to the damage caused by Maria.

Despite Puerto Rico’s ongoing struggle, its social media ranking has dropped precipitously.

So what does this say about people? Do people just not care about news stories for an extended period of time? Or are the news stories not being reported? What is the cause of this 68-point drop?

Part of the cause could be where people get their news from. In the past three months, The New York Times has reported on some aspect of the crisis in Puerto Rico over 20 times. Yet, when you log onto social media, there is nothing about Puerto Rico. Articles are not being shared to the same extent they were months ago, and figures with large followings are not posting about the news. The problem remains that the information is not regularly broadcast to users. Instead, one must actively search for stories on Puerto Rico or Flint,  Michigan because they aren’t in the headlines when someone turns on the news.

In Flint, Michigan, there are still 12,000 homes that need pipe replacements. Stories like Flint are far from over, and it’s hard to help alleviate the devastation when you don’t know what’s happening.

While social media can be good for speedy facts, it is not good if you’d like an in depth story on an issue. To fill in any gaps of knowledge, it is best to use both social media and direct sources such as to ensure you are up to date.

How-to: prom on a budget

Fourth quarter has started for CHS, and if that weren’t stressful enough, another important event is coming up: Carrboro’s prom. Prom can put a lot of pressure on students, especially in regards to expenses.

Many students don’t consider prom an option because of its notoriously high cost. There are students who can’t afford a new outfit, new shoes, hair and makeup, accessories and dinner reservations for just one night of fun, and there are others who simply don’t want to spend an obscene amount of money on a school dance.

However, I’m here to tell you that there are ways to save money and still feel glamorous on prom night.

One way to save is through Cinderella’s Closet, a national program that provides donated dresses and accessories to girls who otherwise couldn’t attend prom. Christ United Methodist Church in Southern Village hosts the Cinderella’s Closet for students in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools, and it’s open to anyone. Similarly, borrowing a friend’s or older sibling’s dress or tux is an easy way to lower your prom expenses.

Many thrift stores also have unique options for dresses and men’s formal wear, and you’re more likely to find something vintage if that’s more your style. You can also find shoes there, as well as handbags, ties and bowties. Department stores or online shops will often have sales on prom outfits, although it might take some searching to find them.

Boutonnieres and corsages are another added cost for students. Local flower shops can give you nice varieties, but regular grocery stores such as Harris Teeter or Food Lion can also have cheaper options. Or, make your own out of flowers from a garden or local market. There are thousands of DIY tutorials online for this. Another idea is to just forgo the flowers altogether! You can still have a fun time at prom without flowers on your wrist or lapel.

Many students worry about how to style their hair and makeup for prom, but that’s an easy fix. Some opt to get both done by a professional, but there are less expensive solutions, including your own family! Have an older sibling or a parent help you with hair and makeup, or even ask a friend if they’ll do it for you. There’s no need to worry about looking good and saving money, because you can do both!

Finally, there’s the issue of food. Countless plans detailing dinner reservations, the amount of people in a group, who will pay, etc., can be frustrating and overwhelming. But, of course, there are simple solutions. First of all, going with a larger group of friends could mean you split the cost of dinner and save money overall. If that’s not your vibe, you can choose to go to a cheaper restaurant–who says you need to have a five-course, five-star meal before prom? Hit up Wendy’s, Chick-fil-a, Elmo’s or another more casual restaurant for an affordable meal. Besides, prom will have snacks and drinks, as well as plenty of dancing, so you probably won’t want to fill up anyways.

Although prom can be expensive, it doesn’t have to be! There are plenty of ways to make it low-cost and still have fun. This year, CHS prom will take place on Saturday, April 21, at the Governor’s Club. You can buy tickets online or at lunch, and there are scholarships available for them, covered by the PTA.


Failed New Year’s resolutions

Every New Year, people across the world discuss what they will do to grow in the new year. However, by the time March rolls around, most New Year’s Resolutions are left in the dust, leaving many — including CHS students — to wonder if a new year really does mean a new me.

Katie Brannum, sophomore, made the New Year’s Resolution to make her bed, be more cleanly and have better organization habits.

“I need to be cleaner and more organized, so I don’t have to clean my room every weekend,” said Brannum.

However, Brannum quickly forgot her New Year’s Resolution by the second day of 2018. She decided that the resolution was too much effort to maintain and that it would be best to fall back on her old habits. Brannum thinks New Year’s Resolutions are pointless and forgotten within a few days. She also believes there is no such thing as New year, New Me.

“You can’t be a new person every year. You’d have to change everything and be completely different,” said Brannum.

Cora Therber, sophomore, made a New Year’s Resolution focusing on their happiness and self-health.

“My New Year’s Resolution was to do more things that I enjoy with my free time,” said Therber.

Therber has been gradually working on this goal since last year when they realized that they didn’t actively seek out the things they enjoy during their free time. Therber is now focusing their free time on doing the things that bring them joy and allow them to live their life to the fullest.

“I feel like it will just be good for me because it will make my life better and more fun,” said Therber.

Therber thinks most people don’t follow through with their New Year’s Resolutions. However, when people commit to a resolution and focus on it, they can create a lot of positive change within their life.

Paw La La, sophomore, made it her New Year’s resolution to get to bed earlier and procrastinate less on her homework assignments. She made this resolution because she realized that she was always drowsy and unable to focus during class; she needed to make a change.

“I feel like a zombie when I don’t get enough sleep, and I feel like the main reason for that is procrastination,” said La.

La says she was able to keep the resolution for one week, but after that she fell back on her old habits. La doesn’t think New Year’s resolutions are helpful because she makes a similar resolution each year and nothing changes. She also thinks that a New Year isn’t a strong enough force to motivate a significant change in someone’s life.

“I don’t think [New Year’s Resolutions] are helpful because it’s not a force that can help you do something. If you want to do something, you can start at anytime. If you have your heart into it, of course you can accomplish it” said La.

La thinks change has to be motivated from within an individual and not by a change of the year.

“Just because it’s a New Year doesn’t mean you are going to change. The year has changed, not you,” said La.

New Years is a time to celebrate a new beginning, to reflect and to revise one’s lifestyle. However, most people make goals that are quickly forgotten because the power to change doesn’t come from the changing of the year, but rather from the determination within. If we focus on obtaining a goal, anything is possible.

There are several good books that focus on how to motivate to achieve goals. Drive by David Pink shares secrets for how to accomplish your goals by focusing on self-actualization. Self-actualization is the human desire to reach the highest standard possible and be the best we can be. Pink’s analysis of motivation can be used by students to help them accomplish their goals such as getting a certain test score and improve their daily satisfaction. Charles Duhigg wrote The Power of Habit, which focuses on using the patterns within our lives to achieve success. Duhigg explains why habits exist and how to change unhealthy habits to promote success. Students can use Duhigg’s advice to break their bad habits such as procrastination that prevent them from succeeding in the classroom.

Whether your New Year’s Resolution has been left in the dust or not, it is never too late for a change. All you have to do is find the motivation within.

Illustration by Ruby Handa

Which English Teacher are You?

Do you ever lie awake at night, counting sheep and wondering which CHS English teacher is your spirt teacher? Well, wonder no more! The Jagwire finally presents a way to answer your most burning question! Sleep happy knowing the truth is only a quiz away.

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Jagwire Judy

How can I prevent myself from sleeping through my alarm or hitting snooze a thousand times? No matter what I do, I can’t seem to get myself out of bed in the morning — help!

-Ms. Morning Misery

Ms. Misery,

Great question! Even as a self-proclaimed morning person, I too find getting out of bed a difficult and overall unpleasant experience, especially during these winter months. I could advise “adopting a regular sleep schedule” or just “sleeping more,” but I’m guessing you’re a smart cookie and you don’t need me to tell you that. Instead, here are three (hopefully) more helpful ways to unleash the morning person in all of us, or at least make sure you’re never late to first period again.

1. The light trick. Set two alarms: one for when you need to get up and one 15 minutes earlier. When the first alarm goes off, open your curtains and turn on a dim light source. (I have string lights around my window, but a small lamp works too.) Now, crawl back into bed! Enjoy the coziness, grab a few extra minutes of sleep, and by the time the second alarm goes off the light will have started to wake you up gently.

2. Charge your phone across the room. Getting out of bed to turn off your alarm will wake you up quickly and effectively as well as, uh, get you out of bed. You also eliminate the risk of accidentally hitting snooze while half asleep. This strategy has the added bonus of keeping you from using your phone right before you go to bed, which will improve your sleep quality. Maybe you’ll even crack open a book before catching some “Zs”. Who knows?

3. Befriend mornings. There are ways to making the morning a time of day you look forward too, not dread. Try completing all your arduous tasks the night before, like packing your lunch and getting all your school supplies together. Reserve the early hours for things that relax you and prepare you for the day ahead, like drinking a mug of coffee or tea, reading the paper or scrolling through social media. Ideally, mornings should not be for rushing around half-asleep, and recognizing this will make conquering them a little more enjoyable.

Sweet dreams,
Jagwire Judy

How can I get off Nicotine?
– Anonymous


Addiction is a serious issue. I am neither a counselor nor a physician, so if you think you or a friend is addicted to anything, please seek professional help. I can tell you that when it comes to addiction of any kind, friends play an important role in recognizing when someone needs help. Please look out for each other, and know that there is nothing wrong with admitting you need help. If you ever wan to talk about addiction related issues, Linda Karcher (in the CIC) is qualified.

Best of luck,
Jagwire Judy

HBCU vs. PWI: A College Choice

Some students at CHS do not know what HBCUs are, and according to a survey conducted by the JagWire, those who know of these colleges have not considered attending one.

An HBCU is a historically black college or university created for African Americans to go to college after being deprived of education in America for hundreds of years. The first HBCU, Cheyney University, was founded in 1873, according to the web- site HBCU Lifestyle. After centuries of systemic oppression, black people now had a place to get higher education and better support  their homes by getting well-paying jobs.

Before 1873, America only had predominantly white institutions (PWIs) such as Wake Forest, UNC and Harvard.

“Historically Black Colleges and Universities are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the  intention of serving the African American Community. These institutions have allowed African Americans to have an opportunity to become successful, productive citizens,” says website HBCU Connect. “They have disproved old stereotypes that stated that Blacks were ignorant or unable to learn and achieve as whites have.”

Contrary to popular belief, non-black students can and do attend HBCUs. In 2015, non-Black students made up 22 percent of students who attended HBCUs nationwide (NCES).

There are some teachers and staff at CHS who went to HBCUs. Rolesha Harris, CHCCS Speech Pathologist, went to North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro; for her Masters, she went to Central in Durham.

“I went to a predominantly white high school in Durham––all of my schooling was predominantly white from kindergarten all the way up through high school. I was determined to do something totally different, so I only wanted to go to an HBCU; I didn’t want to go anywhere  else,” said Harris.

Harris expressed that every student is different and should choose the best college for them.

“I think it really depends on the student. I feel like if you have an experience where you are a minority in the school, I think you do need to experience being in a majority or being in a setting with other people like you,” said Harris. “Even if you
don’t like it… see if you like it because it’s totally different when the culture is more of what you’re familiar with.”

According to Harris, everyone’s background is different, and some students might choose not to attend an HBCU.

“My daughter went to a predominantly black high school in Durham so she decided to go to a PWI,” said Harris. “Her high school experience was totally different than mine, so because of that, she kind of flip-flopped.”

English teacher Mintzy Paige agreed that HBCUs would be a great choice for many students at CHS. Paige went to North Carolina Central University, and chose an HBCU because she had previously went to predominantly white high schools. She wanted to know the experience of being a majority.

“I think HBCUs are important because they help students of color continue to have a place that they can
call their home. It allows them to feel safe and comfortable in their own skin,” said Paige. “They can give that home feeling that students of colors sometimes miss.”

“I recommend all students go to HBCUs. It doesn’t matter their color––I actually just had a conversation with some of my white AVID students about going to an HBCU… I think the experience would be good for any student,” said Paige.

Both Harris and Paige agree that students tend to overlook HBCUs despite the colleges’ abilities to provide great opportunities for success.

“It depends on the student, and where you feel more comfortable and where you will be the most successful,” said Harris.

Illustration by Nina Scott-Farquharson 

Teachers share college stories

Kendra Hargett-Chamblee

Fayetteville State University (Fayetteville, NC)

Q: How did you decide on the college you went to?

A: My brother was attending Fayetteville State University, and I just followed in his footsteps. I was inspired to go there by him.

Q: Is there something you wish you knew before you went to college?

A: Looking back, the only thing I wish I knew before I went to college was to take advantage of different organizations, like sororities and different social groups and stuff like that.

Q: What’s the best/worst part about your college experience?

A: My best experience was how I went into early childhood education, and I had the opportunity to work and do my student teaching with third graders. That was very rewarding, to actually go into student teaching and actually feel what it was really going to be like. It was a good experience prior to graduating. The worst part of my college experience was I had to take a photography and art class. Of course, I cannot draw! I had to spend a lot of time working on that.

Q: Advice you want to give others before they go to college?

A: Study hard, pay attention, make good choices, ask questions [and] utilize the
library. I spent a lot of time in the library, so that’s something positive.

Ryan Severance
Mount Vernon Nazarene University (Mount Vernon, Ohio)

Q: How did you decide on the college you went to?

A: As I was picking colleges, I actually only had two in mind my senior year. My top choice was Indiana Wesleyan and my second choice was Mount Vernon. My mom told me I had to visit Mount Vernon or I wouldn’t be able to visit Indiana. Mount Vernon was a school I didn’t want to attend whatsoever. But when I went to go make the choice, Mount Vernon was the only school that was going to allow me to double major. While I was there, one of the math professors approached me and asked what I wanted to do. The friendliness and the outreach of that professor was one of the main reasons why I chose Mount Vernon; that school had professors that legitimately cared about their students.

Q: Is there something you wish you knew before you went to college?

A: There is a lot when it comes to just weird financial things that are attached to college. There is a lot of making decisions on loans, are you going to get loans… everyone jokes about the “adult things” they never teach you; there’s a lot of that that I kind of wish you knew. Once you go to college that might be the first time you have to do your taxes by yourself. There’s more budgeting that is involved in college, just a lot of small things that when you’re in high school that get over- looked. And then suddenly when you’re in college, there’s a lot of stuff you have to experience for the first time.

Q: Is there something important others should bring to college?

A: In a way it sounds weird, but bring yourself. The store can replace everything else, but not losing your identity when you go to college is probably one of the biggest things not to forget.

Q: Advice you want to give others before they go to college?

A: Don’t be scared by the idea of college. Yes, there’s gonna be very scary things; yes, it costs a lot of money (lots of financial issues that are going to be apart of it), but embrace it. It’s going to be one of the coolest times. I grew more in college than I did in high school. As an individual you’ll find out who you are, and just go in head first. Take every advantage to go meet people to get out of your dorm room, and just get your work done. Because there are so many scholarships out there just for doing your work. You will thank yourself when you get free money to pay for your school, but at the same time enjoy it. Find those friendships, don’t get caught in a bad relationship, find those people you can center yourself around which are good role models that you can have fun with but also have serious conversations. And just don’t take the four or five years for granted: enjoy every moment. Give it the best you have. Because in the end, you will make it.

The Side Effects of Slim Standards

My first public panic attack happened in the fourth grade when a girl brought her ringneck snake to school for pet day. Calling it a snake was generous—as its length and width more closely resembled a worm—but nevertheless, I was the only kid in class that could not handle it. I remember feeling embarrassed, sitting puffy-eyed and short of breath in the hallway, and it wasn’t until some other girl freaked out over a tree frog that I realized that everyone is afraid of something.

But more common than the fear of the dark, tree frogs or even ringneck snakes, is the fear that afflicts over 80 percent of 10-year- old girls: the fear of being fat.

“In fourth grade I was bullied by a group of girls who used to comment on how fat my stomach was,” said an anonymous CHS junior, under the pseudonym of Margo. “I wore a belt, and I would tighten it all the way until all my stomach was sucked in.”

According to the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 51 percent of nine- and ten-year-olds feel better about themselves if they are on a diet. But what exactly do these diets look like?

“I would eat for three days, and then just drink water for four. Occasionally I would have a smoothie or some very low calorie snack,” said Margo. “I was exhausted. I didn’t really keep it up for that long because I got so tired. I didn’t sleep a lot. I lost a lot of hair.”

Some of the most common effects of restrictive diets, according to Dr. Kay Schlegel-Pratt—a nutritionist at Essential Nutrition in Chapel Hill—are “specific deficiencies of nutrients like protein, vitamins or minerals that are not adequate,” which can often lead to fatigue and physical weakness.

“When a person loses weight rapidly, they are losing fat and lean body mass,” said Schlegel-Pratt, also adding that “typically, rapid weight loss results in weight gain after ending the diet.”

The depletion of lean body mass is extremely dangerous, especially for growing teenagers, whose bodies can see long-term effects from stunted muscle, bone and organ growth. These diets are also often unsuccessful; Margo’s restrictive dieting followed a similar progression.

“Over time I did gain the weight back, and I would feel the need to binge,” said Margo. “You’re going to eventually break, either by going to the hospital or by trying to eat everything at once because you’ve become so tired and worn down.”

To safely manage a healthy weight, Schlegel-Pratt recommended “focusing on long-term health habits that you can keep for life” over extreme and harmful dieting techniques.

Although Margo stopped extreme calorie restriction, she still experiences social pressure to stay thin. The root of the prob- lem, it seems, is the culture that creates the ideals that these girls strive towards.

“I feel huge pressure [from] a lot of social media,” said Margo, referencing popular Instagram models.

Vast discrepancies exist between the media’s representations of the average woman and the actual average woman; according to the Center for Disease Control, the average model is 5’10’’ tall and weighs 110 pounds, while the average American woman is 5’4’’ and weighs 144 pounds.

These standards set up an almost impossible threshold to meet, and many girls grow up with misleading ideas of what it means
to look normal. “It’s not a positive mindset to have,” said Margo, regarding distorted body image. “If you want to lose weight, you need to find a safe plan for you to follow.”

Margo admitted that shifting your mindset is not an easy task. Since birth, girls are conditioned to believe that the closer you come to a specific body standard, the closer you come to being beautiful.

According to anonymous CHS senior—under the pseudonym of Arden— to begin to change the culture, we must change the language.

“It’s common to compliment young girls on their fashion sense before their abilities,” said Arden. “Comments like ‘What a pretty dress!’ can be beneficial to a girl’s self esteem, until she begins to hear those more than ‘What a thoughtful comment,’ or ‘What a beautiful art piece.’”

De-emphasizing the importance of outward image, according to Arden, is an important step in creating a culture that no longer values these dangerous standards.

“There’s this one line from a poem by Rupi Kaur that says ‘I want to apologize to all the women I have called beautiful before I’ve called them intelligent or brave,’ and I think that’s really relevant, especially in this conversation. By disconnecting the aesthetics of a woman’s body from her worth as a person with our language, we can begin to work towards a future where that sentiment actually holds true in our culture.”

Illustration by Nina Scott-Farquharson